California lawyers may maintain a virtual law office in the cloud where communications with the client, and storage of and access to all information about the client’s matter, are conducted solely via the internet using a third-party’s secure servers. The lawyer may be required to take additional steps to confirm that she is fulfilling her ethical obligations due to distinct issues raised by the VLO and its operation. See California Formal Eth. Op. 2012-184 (May 2012).